The title sockeye salmon refers to “Suk-kegh,” that means “red-fish” within the native Halkomelem language of Alaskan inhabitants.

Sockeye incorporates a fusiform, streamlined, laterally compressed physique enabling long-distance marine migration and upstream run.

Sea-going sockeye are darkish metal blue to greenish-blue on the highest (giving them their “blueback” title), iridescent silvery sides, and white stomach. Some people could exhibit darkish speckling and irregular marks on the dorsal fin.

As sockeye returns to their freshwater spawning grounds, their heads flip olive inexperienced, and their our bodies flip vivid crimson, therefore their title, “crimson” salmon.

Male sockeye develops a humped again and hooked jaws crammed with tiny, seen tooth.

Common size 18 in. and weigh 5–15 lb. Lifespan is about 4-5 years.

Kokanee salmon

Some sockeyes don’t migrate to the ocean and dwell their whole lives in freshwater lakes. These landlocked sockeyes are often known as the Kokanee within the native Salish language. They’re much smaller in dimension and measure about 10-12 In.


Sockeye salmon are anadromous fish. Within the spring, fry emerge from the nest, and go to the ocean throughout their first summer time earlier than migrating to the ocean. They develop rapidly in dimension and return as adults to natal streams to spawn in the summertime.

Simply earlier than spawning, the feminine selects an appropriate floor, normally with a gravel backside, and digs a nest with its tail.

The feminine is then attended by a dominant male and typically just a few subordinate males.

All grownup sockeye die after spawning.


Sockeye is the smallest of Pacific salmons. In a means much like different salmon species. They’re migratory fish finishing their fascinating journey from natal freshwater streams, rivers, lakes, and deep ocean waters and again once more to their natal waters to spawn and die.

Sockeye habitat requires chilly, clear, oxygenated water to outlive as heat ocean temperatures improve the power expenditure in the course of the migration and produce fewer eggs on the spawning grounds.

Fry feed totally on zooplankton, fish larvae, and bugs, whereas adults largely rely on marine zooplankton, krill, bugs, and small crustaceans.

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